Almost right in the middle of Australia, the barren and flat plain Ayers Rock (Uluru) amazes those who see. This old red rock mass has been eroded by wind-blown sand for millions of years. Indigenous to Australian Aborigines, this rock has become one of the symbols of Australia today.
Ayers Rock changes color according to the position of the sun during the day.
The rock, which looked like a burning ember in the middle of the desert, was not seen by any European until early 1870, when it was discovered by two explorers named Ernest Giles and William C. Rose. This sacred rock was called Ayers Rock, dedicated to Sir Henry Ayers, who later became prime minister of the South Australian region.
Located in the heart of Australia, 450 kilometers from Alice Springs Town, Ayers Rock is not a single rock, as its name suggests. Most sources refer to it as the largest single piece of pebble in the world, whereas this is a knowledge. Most of a sandstone that was pushed upwards 500 million years ago by earth movements is underground.The 150 meter high slice on the North East side of Ayers Rock is called Kangaroo Tail. A full tour around the reef takes 4 hours, 10 km in length.
The flattened hill, which is 348 meters high, is called inselberg or island mountain. Ayers Rock, which is about 3 km long, can be seen with many cavities. In most places, the cavities created by the water flowing down the hill give the rock an impressive appearance. Waterfalls fall in the rainy season from the cavities in the form of a black lines that go down the slope of the rock.
Rain water, which forms small ponds in some parts of the rock, is also a source of life for living creatures in this area. The pond, known as Maggie Springs at the southern tip of the rock, has almost always water, except for the driest season. Other ponds cannot withstand the hot desert temperatures in a few weeks or months.
These poisonous snakes, living in these ponds and extending up to 1.8 meters in length, are regarded as the protector of the sacred rock by the Aborigines. Kangaroo, wallabile, about 150 bird species and wild camels still live in this vicinity. Apart from this, a variety of cinte lizards, frogs, marsupial mole and mice continue to live in this region as part of this ecology.
The Anangu people, an Aboriginal tribe living in the region, call this rock Uluru. They have great respect for this rock, which has been the center of their lives for thousands of years. In the Aboriginal language, every cavity, every cave and every detail on the rock which means ‘shaded place bulunuy has an important meaning for them.
Aboriginal wall paintings, mostly made of ash and charcoal in the Mutitjulu and Kantju creeks, decorate Uluru’s walls.
Together with the Kata Tjuta cliffs adjacent to Uluru, it is a UNESCO World Culture and World Natural Heritage List. Since 1985, this area has been declared as Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park.
Where is Uluru
Uluru is located near the Yulara settlement, about 400 km southwest of the town of Alice Springs. With over 50,000 tourists visiting each year, Uluru is located in the Northern Territory of Australia. Alice Springs, 1180 km from the state of Queensland; 1490 km from Darwin