The Sydney Opera House is a very controversial and enormous building that was included in the World Heritage List in 2007.
In 1956, a competition for the Sydney Opera House was held and architects worldwide were asked to design an opera house. Architects are asked to design their own budget, and a young Danish architect, who has never been known, wins the competition. The name of this architect is Jørn Utzon.
Jørn Utzon never went to the area where the construction was going to be, but he started off from the paintings. It was influenced both by the sails in the harbor and by the Mayan and Aztec temples.
Utzon’s design came first, but it was also the most difficult. The architect Utzon Ove started construction in 1957 with Arup & Partners. Construction was progressed gradually, but it was determined that it was impossible to construct some points and changes were made in design with the construction company. The project, which was expected to be completed in a short time and cost $ 7 million, was completed in 1973 and cost more than $ 100 million. During this time, there was a lot of reaction from the citizens, even those who punched the project. In 1966 Utzon was forced to resign. Eventually, however, the Opera House, 183 m long and 118 m wide, was opened, revealing a world heritage site.
The Sydney opera house hosts 1,500 performances each year with 1.2 million people.
Sydney Opera House
• A concert area of 2,679 people
• Joan Sutherland Theater with 1507 seats
• 544-seat Drama Theater
• 398 seat playhouse
• Studio for 400 people
• Utzon Room for 210 people
• Recording room
• Multi-use Outdoor Area, is available.
In 1999, Utzon was again invited to the Opera House Architecture for new arrangements, and in 2003 he won the Pritzker Prize, the Opera House’s most honored award.
Utzon passed away in November 2008 in Kophenag, Denmark.
How was the 40th anniversary of the Sydney Opera House celebrated?
One of Australia’s most important symbols, the Sydney Opera House celebrated its 40th anniversary in October 2012 with a grand ceremony.
According to the newspaper Radikal; The 40th birthday of the Sydney Opera House, which is included in the World Heritage List as an undisputed example of masterpieces created by human beings,
It celebrated. Sunday’s ceremony included a lifeboat and Aboriginal dancers as well as a giant ‘cupcake’. During the ceremony, which was watched by a large crowd, the members of the family of three generations of Jorn Utzon, the Danish architect of the Sydney Opera House, were also guests of honor. Utzon won the competition for the Sydney Opera House in 1956 with his design, which was influenced by the ports he saw in his childhood, and Australia became the most famous symbol. In the celebration where elements identified with Australia were used, lifeguards carried the giant ‘cupcake’ instead of the birthday cake, Aboriginal dancers performed traditional smoke ceremonies for spiritual purification. She sang her song.
What’s the story of the Sydney Opera House?
In 1959, 222 people from 32 countries participated in the design competition to build an opera house in Sydney. The winner was Joern Utzon, an unknown Dutch architect in his 40s. Like most of the other contestants, he worked without looking at the pictures of the building. His design was inspired in part by the sails of yachts standing in Sydney’s uniquely beautiful harbor, and in part by the Maya and Aztec temples he saw in Mexico.
The construction of the building began in 1959. The construction works of Ove Arup & Partners progressed in 3 main stages. The first stage was the construction of the catwalks (1959–1963), the second stage was the completion of the roof (1963–1967) and the third stage was the completion of the interior (1967–73). Thus, the construction of the building, which is 183 m long and 118 m wide, was completed in 14 years.
Utzon’s design was much more extraordinary and exciting than the others, and it was the most difficult project to implement. Both the appearance of the proposed building and the cost of its construction led to great controversy. Taxi drivers on the streets of Sydney were engaged in discussions about the building. The building was expected to open in 1963 and cost seven million dollars. It could only be opened 10 years later and the amount exceeded $ 100 million.
Most of the money was collected by lotteries. Nevertheless, the project progressed nonetheless between constant discussions and violence. Utzon resigned in discontent in 1966. The beautiful concrete skeleton or yel sails ((ellipse paraboloids) of the building were found to be impossible to match with the original and the design was modified.
Thousands of hours of computer work were done to solve the problem. The resulting structure is a triumph of Ove Arup’s engineering as well as Utzon’s design.
The building is located next to Sydney Harbor at Bennelong Point, named after an Aboriginal friend of the first governor of the colony. The building covers an area of 1.8 hectares. The roof frame weighs 161,000 tons and
Supported by 350 km cables. The sails have more than a million clean, anti-bacterial, Swedish ceramic tiles that shine in the sun.
The building has the largest theater curtains in the world. Each of the wool curtains covers an area of about 93 square meters and is attracted by six people. The organ in the concert hall is the largest mechanical organ in the world and has 10,500 pipes.
The building is 183 m long and 118 m wide. Its unique roof rises to 67 m and is decorated with 1,056,000 pieces of white ceramic tiles brought from Sweden. 580 m of concrete feet go down to 2222 m of ground and carry the structure weighing approximately 160,000 tons.
The building features five different showrooms, a cinema and two restaurants. The opera house has a seating capacity of 1550 and the concert hall has a seating capacity of 2700 people.
The opera house includes 5 theater halls. These include the 2679-seat Concert Hall, the 1547-seat Opera Theater, the 544-seat Drama Theater, the 398-seat Playhouse and the 364-seat Studio Theater. The building has a total of 1000 rooms. These include 5 rehearsal studios, 60 dressing rooms, 4 restaurants, 6 bars and numerous souvenir shops. It has enough electricity capacity to meet the needs of a city of 25,000 people and the length of the electric cables is 645 km.
The Opera House was officially launched on October 20, 1973 by Queen II. Opened by Elizabeth. The building claims to be one of the most beautiful buildings built since the Second World War. The building, which looks at the waters of the best harbor, resembles a giant swan ready to take off.