Luxor Luxor is the capital of the governorship of Al Uqsur in southern Egypt. The city, which has a population of approximately 200,000, is also known as the world’s largest open museum since it was built on the ruins of the ancient Egyptian city of Thebes. For this reason, thousands of tourists are visited every year.
It is one of the two cities where you will live in Egypt. The city is actually the old city of Luxor (Waset), the current Luxor and the town of Karnak (you see these three areas as a big city). Old Waset Since it was demolished by the Mesopotamians in 665, two major temples remained, the Karnak and Luxor temples.
The history of Luxor dates back to the Old Kingdom (about 4500 years old), so Luxor is called the world’s largest open-air museum. During the Middle Kingdom, Mentohotep became an important city of great Egypt, which encompassed Sudan during the reign of the Euphrates. Waset (Luxor) was the only city that did not bend during the invasion of the easterners who ended the Middle Kingdom. It was the new kingdom that made Waset its capital because Ahmos was the prince of Waset, which ended the invasion of the Easterners. During the New Kingdom, God Amon’s city, Waset, had its most powerful times. The temples of Karnak, Hatshepsut and Luxor, and the tombs in the Valley of Kings all belong to this period. B.C. After the invasion in 1070, the city was finally weakened. It was destroyed in 665 and M.S. It remains in ruins until the Arabs arrive in 639. However, when the Arabs meet the beauty of these ruins, they call the city Al-Uksor (jewel). Today, the city has a population of 150,000 and its main source of income is governed by tourism and special laws that give freedom to the city.
You can probably start your Nile tour from Luxor. The cruise ships take their passengers either from Asuan to Luxor or from Luxor to Asuan. Tours to Hurghada can also fly to Luxor, take a tour there and then take a bus to Hurghada (a four to five hour drive). If you are arriving by plane, Luxor airport may disappoint you. It’s a one-storey prefabricated building, but it’s not too much trouble if you don’t stay too long. Since the airport is a bit far from the Nile, you immediately see the phenomenon of Nile-life – the rest – the desert.
The boats that will take you around the Nile are actually small hotels. The rooms are just fine and comfortable. If you first see a large river, the Nile may not seem to flow to you, and if you do not find your way, remember that the excursion boats are approaching the east coast of the Nile. Since the area they live in is actually the main tourist destination, it is a beautiful street and there are plenty of luxury hotels, restaurants and entertainment places around. We couldn’t walk much in the streets, but as far as we’ve seen, it’s not hard to find Italian restaurants and Irish pubs.
On the east bank of the Nile, the city of the inhabitants, there are two great temples: Karnak and Luxor. Even though the population is 150.000, Luxor is not a very large area. When they were built, there was a 3 km long sphinx road between Karnak and Luxor. Now both temples are just the beginning of this road. Between the two temples by bus between the sphinxes (do not compare with the sphinx near the pyramids, they are about two to two and a half meters high sphinxes) can be seen in the neighborhood.
The town of Karnak is located in the northeast of Luxor. It is possible to go on foot from the city, but especially in summer there is no need for such grind, a taxi can be reached from the ships to Karnak for 5-10 pounds. The Karnak temple (Ipet-isut – the most chosen place) was dedicated to Amon (actually Amon – Mut – Khonsu trio), the god of the city of Waset. With an area of 1.5 km to 0.8 km, the Karnak temple is the largest religious complex in the world.
The Luxor temple in the middle of the city is much smaller than Karnak. This temple, built by Amenhotep III and Ramses II, was at the center of the Opet festival, the most important festival of Waset. The temple, which was used as a church during Egyptian Christianity, was later left under houses in ruins. When the mosque was built before the rediscovery of the temple, it became a very interesting structure in terms of both the parts of the old temple, a church and a mosque.
We go to the west coast of the Nile, the city of the dead, by passing a beautiful new bridge. Since the Nile valley is very wide in this region, it is recommended that you go on a tour, because nowhere in the area is within easy walking distance. On your way to the west, you see four important works. One is the Memnon Monuments on the road, then the Valley of the Queens on the left, the Temple of Hatshepsut in the middle and the Valley of the Kings on the right, behind the mountains.
Memnon monuments are actually at the entrance to the funeral temple of Amenhotep III. However, since there is not much left from the temple, the monuments gained more importance. If you say what Memnon and Amenhotep have to do with it, Agamemnon in Greek mythology
and sings to her mother every morning. Because the wind passing through these statues damaged by an earthquake made melodic sounds, the Greeks who came here called them Memnon monuments. A.D. In the 3rd century, the Roman Septimus Severus repaired these monuments in order to maintain the sound of these monuments.
The most famous of the funerary temples on the west side is the Temple of Hatshepsut, which belongs to the Queen Hatshepsut. An additional reputation of the temple, which is currently undergoing restoration, has given rise to an attack by Islamic terrorists against Japanese and Swiss tourists in 1997. However, that attack was the last, and no further sad events occurred as a result of extensive security measures.
The Valley of the Kings, located in the hill behind the Temple of Hatshepsut, is perhaps Egypt’s most interesting place, along with the Pyramids. Pharaohs, who saw that all the treasures had been stolen from the pyramids they had made in the open during the New Kingdom, chose this valley to hide their graves. Only a few of these graves (Tutankhamon) fill one floor of the Egyptian Archaeological Museum in Cairo. Since all of the graves have been evacuated by thieves or archaeologists, only the graves can be seen, but it is forbidden to take flash photos inside. It is possible to visit three tombs with the ticket, but Tutankhamon’s tomb is also charged because it is the most famous.
In the valley to the left of Hatshepsut Temple, there are graves of the wives and young children of the Pharaohs. The most interesting of these is the entrance to the grave of Nefertiti, and there is a fetus mummy in the grave of Ramses II’s wives. You can visit two tombs with your ticket, but you don’t have much choice.
All these monuments require you to devote at least a half day, or even a full day, to the west coast of Luxor. Don’t believe those who say we can walk all over in two hours. If you are going to Egypt for a cultural trip you can not get enough of the city is Luxor.