The Louvre Museum (originally Musée du Louvre) is located in the French city of Paris. To the west of the city, it is called the city center, covering more than 60,600 square meters, close to the Sein River.
The Louvre, known as the most famous and largest museum in the world; It reaches from 1973 to the present. It stands out with a great difference among others, with hundreds of masterpieces of classical and modern art. Due to the diversity of the artifacts in the museum, the museum is divided into 3 separate wings and 8 sections called Sully, Richelieu and Denon. Within each section there are works belonging to different cultures and civilizations. There are also archaeological, architectural and historical exhibitions in the Louvre. Sections; Near Eastern works, Egyptian works, Greek, Roman and Etruscan civilization works; drawings and sculptures; It is classified as decorative arts, Islamic Art works and paintings. At the beginning of each, there are authorized persons attached to the museum director for the protection of the works in the museum. Most of the works are exhibited in glass cabinets.
It is the first state museum and today there are close to 35,000 artifacts and more than 380,000 objects. At the same time, according to 2012 data, the annual number of visitors is 9.7 million.
It also serves as a school. By making trainings on art history and museology, it also makes important contributions to raise public awareness. Conference halls, a library with a rich archive, and the presence of laboratories where the works are examined are also supporting factors.
Departments of the Louvre Museum
In the Greek arts section; In 2000 BC, M.S. 3 th century arts and tiles, art works section; examples of ornamental art from the Middle Ages to the present day; There are medieval French and European painting collections. The Louvre Museum, where artists such as Fragonard, Rembrandt, Rubens, Titian, Poussin, and Jacque Louis David can be seen, is also home to well-known sculptures such as Winged Victory of Samothrace and Venus de Milo. The Department of Sculpture also has important works of 19th century French art. In 1935, Baron Edmond de Rothschild’s collection of more than 40,000 carved paintings, about 3000 drawings and 500 picture books was donated to the Louvre.
In the Egyptian Works section; More than 50,000 artifacts from Ancient Egypt, the Middle Kingdom, the New Kingdom, Rome, Byzantine and Coptic are on display. In addition to being the second new museum of the museum, the Eastern Mediterranean, Mesopotamia and the Persian Empire consisted of three parts; Since 1881, it contains pre-Islamic, early Near Eastern civilization and the first settlement remains.
Sully, one of the three wings, is one of the oldest places in the museum. The castle was built on the ruins. The sculpture of Aphrodite, the works of Jean Auguste Dominique, the creator of Egyptian works and the description of ‘’ Turkish Bath ilgili related to Turkish society are included in this section. The northern wing of the museum, Richlieu was built by Louis 13. For many years, under the name of the ministry of economy, the first floor of the building where Napoleon’s rooms are located with their belongings. It was transformed into an art gallery after the Ministry moved to another location. Egyptian works, painting from the Middle Ages to the 19th century are the tomb of Philip Pot, the Middle East works, and Hammurabi Codes with strict laws are here.
When you reach the second floor, “Johannes Lermer’s The Lace Maker”, “A. Dürer’s first self-portrait at the age of 13, where he proved his success by drawing his own self-portrait, then re-painted in 1493, was unclear, but Queen Marguerite de Valouis’ husband, King of France IV. The painting “Gabrielle d’Estrees and Her Sister ğı, in which Henry‘s mistress Gabriella made her inappropriate pictures van Eyck’s The Virgin of Chancellor Rolin, and many of them. Denon, the last wing of the museum, has many works. The marble sculptures, which are exhibited from the Neolithic period of the Aegean Region to the sixth century, are exhibited in this section, combining the period between the Kiladic period and the collapse of the Roman Empire, and serve as a bridge between them.
The Denon wing is on the zero floor of “Psyche and Cupid”, “Captive (The Dying Slave)”, “St. Mary Magdalane ”, üs Venus and Mars” On the minus 1 floor mostly Hz. Statues with Jesus figures are on display. When we come to the first floor the most popular works; Mona Lisa, Wedding The Wedding Feast at Cana-Veronese ”, Wing The Winged Victory of Samothrace”, Cons The Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon I, layan covering the wall across the street. Venus de Milo, which draws attention, draws attention to a different feature among others. It was one of the first two departments of the museum in 1793. There are also “Apollon gallery, Asian, African, American, Italian, Spanish and Northern European works and Islamic works.
The Louvre Museum building has been evaluated in many ways over the centuries. It was built as a ”palace larda in the early 13th century when Philippe Auguste ruled. Named after the word “Power güç in English, meaning power, power, the palace later became the royal center in the 14th century. By the 15th century, when the palace was moved to another location, the building remained empty and neglected for many years. In 1564, it was intended to be restructured, but was completed during the reign of Napoleon III. The palace, which became a museum in 1793, had a major fire in 1871. The building, which has survived to our time with the amendments and changes made, took its final shape in 1932.
Details About Louvre Museum
You must spend two days to visit all parts of the museum, which has become a universal identity. The Louvre Museum attracts an average of 6 million tourists each year. The Palais Royal – Musee du Louvre is easily accessible by metro. Renting a car is one of the most popular methods of tourists. After a visit to the gallery, you can relax with your friends or family in the gardens of this magnificent ambience. Open from 09:00 to 18:00 every day except Tuesday. Wednesday and Friday closes at 21:45 Free admission is provided on the first Sunday of each month.
The pyramid used as the main entrance is the last annex to the Louvre Museum. It was built in 1989 by Chinese architect I. M. Pei. The glass design allows the sunlight to reach the ground floor. Its height is 20.6 meters and its square base is 35 meters on each side. It consists of 603 rhombus and 70 triangular windows. When it was first built, the Louvre Pyramid, which was said to disrupt the integrity of the museum and was not artistic, is tolerated today.