Kwame Nkrumah (real name Francis Nwia Kofi Kwame Nkrumah ) (born 21 September 1909 – d 27 April 1972), Ghanaian politician. Nkrumah came to this position as the founder and first president of the African country Ghana. Nkrumah has been anti-colonial and anti-colonial leaders of the 20th century,
The revolutionary leader and philosopher, Kwame Nkrumah, who declared Ghana’s independence in 1957 and opened a new page in Africa, said: “We are committed to the independence of all Africa, because our independence will have no value unless all Africa gains independence.”
After African countries declared their successive independence in the 1960s, Nkrumah said: ‘It is necessary to tighten the ranks to cope with the threat of neo-colonialism, which has replaced colonialism, and to secure our independence by completely eliminating the political / economic / internal manipulations of the colonists. We need a continent-wide government. We must establish the United African State! ‘
Unfortunately, the overwhelming majority of other African leaders did not favor Nkrumah’s opinion. Although the African Union Organization was established in 1963, it did not go beyond being a ‘favor of goodness’. Anyway, Nkrumah was overthrown by a Western military coup (?) And forgotten over time. Africa fell into a long heedlessness and deceitful sleep. This sleep lasted until 1999.
Kwame Nkrumah, the president of Ghana, who led the African Union in realization and made great efforts.
As a result of these efforts and obligations, representatives of 31 African countries (most heads of state) gathered in Addis-Ababa, the capital of Abyssinia, the oldest independent country of Africa, on May 22-24, 1963, Unity). And they also adopted a 33-article Constitution (Charter) of the Union.
Kwame Nkrumah (1909-1972) should not be forgotten among the politicians who were overthrown while on an official trip abroad. Nkrumah, leader of the independence of Ghana (1957), advocate of Pan-Africanism, owner of the Lenin Peace Medal and the bright name of the 3rd World, was seen as the symbol of “Victory” (Osaygefo) in his country.
While Nkrumah visited China in February of 1966, the CIA in Ghana was overthrown by a guided military coup. Since he could not return to his country, he settled in Guinea. In 1972, he died of cancer in Romania, where he went for treatment. Now in the capital city of Ghana, Nkrumah has a monument.
According to Nkrumah, the national liberation leader of Ghana, neo-colonialism is “a method of giving independence to Africa with one hand and withdrawing it with the other. … is a false independence, in which the neo-colonial state grants some kind of sovereignty to the former colony of it, to make it a customer-state and control it through non-policy ways ”. While Nkrumah wanted to define something called “neo-colonial,” he was just describing the basic feature of the age of imperialism.
Ghana is located in the center of Accra. This is Kvame Nkrum Memorial Park and Mausoleum. The mausoleum is the final resting place of the first president and African Ghana. The museum holds rare artifacts related to the independence of Ghana, and guided tours of the park give visitors a deep history of the struggle for independence south of the Sahara.
The mausoleum designed by Don Arthur contains the remains of a doctor. Kwame Nkrumah and his wife Fatia Nkrumah. It is intended to refer to an inverted sword, which in Akan culture is a symbol of peace. The mausoleum is covered from top to bottom with Italian marble, and at the top there is a black star symbolizing unity. The interior of the mausoleum boasts a marble floor and a mini marker similar to a marble grave, surrounded by river-washed stones.