On the banks of the Nile in Africa, mankind built one of the world’s first great civilizations. His greatest engineering wonder was the pyramid tomb made for the sun god of Egypt. No metal tools, no wheeled tools, only soft copper chisels and saws were used. Towns were built for this. The Egyptian pyramids were the largest structures of the earth’s surface for 4000 years. These gigantic buildings consist of giant blocks of 70 tons each. But it should not be forgotten that these are the works of a culture that does not even have a wheel.
For years, scientists have tried to understand the mystery of the Egyptian pyramids, one of the seven wonders of the world.
The purpose of the construction of the pyramids is intended to protect the mummies of the pharaohs and their valuables. However, no mummy or treasure has ever been found.
Names of Egyptian Pyramids
The only structure that has survived to the present day without any damage is the Keops pyramid in Egypt. The first pyramid was built in Sakkarada. Employees who gained experience in building pyramids thought that it would be necessary to use equilateral geometry by keeping the base wider to make a higher pyramid. After the construction of the two-thirds of the Bent Pyramid which was started to be built in 2570 BC, the inclination angle was reduced and continued to be increased by considering previous experiences. With this method, it has been successfully completed with a rigid structure. While the next pyramids were built, they were built by raising with a small inclination angle.
Approximately 200,000 workers worked for the construction of these pyramids. In the skeletal studies in this region, the spine was exposed to large loads. In this case, it is a proof that the huge stones carried are carried with great effort and effort. The most important pyramids built were the Pyramids of Giza, which consisted of Keops, Kefren and Mikerinos. The most important of these is the Keops pyramid, which has been completed in 20 years and has a height of 145 meters and is composed of 2.3 million limestones, each weighing 2.5 tons.
This admirable structure has excellent precision. In the case of a slight astonishment of this sensitivity, it would not merge properly at the top.
One of the main problems here was how to reach these high stones. Scientists have assumed that giant ramps are used to transport these stones. These ramps were installed near the pyramid and were used to transport stones from the quarry to the pyramid. After the stones reached the desired height, a group of workers would pull them from the tunnels at the edge of the pyramid.
The Great Sphinx of Giza is a Sphinx statue in Cairo in the Pyramids of Giza. It is 73.5 m long, 6 m wide and 20 m high. It is a statue with a temple between its paws and the head of a pharaoh with the head of a lion. Pharaoh’s tombs and pyramids are thought to have been built to protect.
In recent years, the wear of the pyramids, which are affected by the sun’s rays and the climate, is higher.